Dr. L Subramaniam presents the art of Carnatic music, which has one of the most sophisticated melodic and rhythmic structures in the world, in his intense three-part recital at Confluence. The violin entered Carnatic music traditions in the early 19th century and has today become one of the most important instruments on the concert platform. The South Indian violin is almost identical to the Western violin, but differs in tuning and playing position. Dr. Subramaniam starts this recital with a compositional form called the varnam, which he performs in multiple speeds by dividing every beat into different pulses. The second piece is a compositional form called kriti, which is the backbone of Carnatic music. The final piece is a ragam-tanam-pallavi, a complicated and involved form which segues into a completely improvised, evocative and challenging conclusion.